Gulf Coast Barrier Island Flora & Fauna

This section is dedicated to the flora of the Southwest Florida Gulf Coast Barrier Islands. Most of these plants etc. are to be found on North Captiva, although it should be noted that there is little to no freshwater on North Captiva, except for a small pond.

Flora

[Trees] [Small Trees] [Palms] [Shrubs] [Wildflowers/Groundcovers] [Ferns] [Grasses] [Vines]

Fauna

[Small Mammals] [Amphibians/Reptiles] [Birds] [Butterflies]

Dune Community Trees

 

A community that is made up of sand, high drainage, salt water flooding, and salt spray. Dunes are constantly changing with wind and occasional storm surge.

 

COMMON SCIENTIFIC HEIGHT LIGHT

 

Gumbo Limbo Bursera simaruba 20-30 sun

Mastic Masti. foet. 15-25 sun

Pigeon Plum Coccoloba divers. 15-25 sun

Sea Grape Coccoloba uvifera 5-8 sun

Southern Red Cedar Juniperus silicicola 10-15 sun

Wild Tamarind Lysiloma latisil. 20-30 sun

 

 

Low-lying Area Trees

 

Areas that are at or near sea-level.

 

COMMON SCIENTIFIC HEIGHT LIGHT

 

Bald Cypress Taxodium distichum 70 full sun

Black Mangrove Avicennia germinans 25-40 sun / part shade

Buckthorn Sideroxylum tenax 15-20 sun / part shade

Coastal Plain Willow Salix caroliniana 15-25 sun

Green Buttonwood Conocarpus erectus 40-50 sun / part shade

Laurel Oak Quercus laurifolia 60-70 sun / part shade

Live Oak Quercus virginiana 45-55 sun / pat shade

Pond Cypress Taxodium ascendens 70 full sun

Red Mangrove Rhizophora mangle 25-40 sun / part shade

Red Maple Acer rubrum 60-70 sun / part shade

Sea Grape Coccoloba uvifera 30-40 sun / part shade

Strangler Fig Ficus aurea 30-40 sun / part shade

White Mangrove Languncularia racemosa 25-40 sun / part shade

Wild Tamarind Lysiloma latisiliqua 50-60 sun

 

Upland Community Trees

 

Upland Community: An area that rarely floods, gets less rain than other areas, and has extremely sandy soil.

 

COMMON SCIENTIFIC HEIGHT LIGHT

 

Gumbo Limbo Bursera simaruba 20-30 sun

Mastic Masti. foet. 25-40 sun

Pigeon Plum Coccoloba divers. 30-40 sun

Sea Grape Coccoloba uvifera 40-50 sun

Slash Pine Pinus elliottii 35-45 sun

Southern Red Cedar Juniperus silicicola 35-45 sun

Wild Tamarind Lysiloma latisil. 25-35 sun

 

Wetland Trees

 

Areas covered in tidal flats, swamps and marshes.

 

COMMON SCIENTIFIC HEIGHT LIGHT

 

Bald Cypress Taxodium distichum 70 full sun

Red Mangrove Rhizophora mangle 25-40 sun / part shade

Red Maple Acer rubrum 60-70 sun / part shade

White Mangrove Languncularia racemosa 25-40 sun / part shade